How Big Do Bell Peppers Grow? All You Need To Know

Bell peppers are a tasty, versatile ingredient that can be used in a variety of dishes.

But have you ever wondered how big bell peppers can grow? If you’re interested in learning more about the size and growth of bell peppers, then you’ve come to the right place.

In this article, we’ll explore how big bell peppers can grow, what affects their size, and the best ways to maximize their growth potential.

So, let’s dive in and learn all about bell peppers!

How Big Do Bell Peppers Grow?

Bell peppers come in a range of sizes, from tiny golf ball-sized ones to large capsicum-sized ones.

The size is determined by the variety and the environment in which they are grown.

Most bell peppers grow to be between four to eight inches in length.

Sweet bell peppers tend to be larger than hot peppers and can be round, blocky, or cone-shaped.

The size also depends on how long it is allowed to mature.

Most are harvested when they are still green but if left on the plant until ripe, they can grow to be twice as big.

Fully ripe peppers are yellow, red, or orange in color.

There are some giant bell pepper varieties, such as the ‘Big Bertha’ pepper, which can reach up to ten inches in length.

These varieties are usually grown for exhibition rather than commercial use.

How Big Should Bell Peppers Be Before Picking?

Harvesting bell peppers requires careful consideration of their variety and size.

Generally, bell peppers should be 3-4 inches long and 2-3 inches wide when harvested.

Green bell peppers should be picked before they become soft and bitter, while other bell peppers should be harvested when their skin is glossy and the color is vibrant.

To avoid any damage to the plant, it is best to cut the pepper from the stem with a sharp knife or gardening scissors.

In summary, bell peppers should be harvested when they reach a mature size and their skin is shiny.

How Long Does It Take For A Bell Pepper To Grow Full Size?

The time it takes for a bell pepper to reach its full size varies based on a few factors.

Usually, it takes between 60 and 90 days, although some varieties may grow more quickly, reaching full size in as little as 45 days.

The conditions of growth are important too; plants grown in ideal conditions with sun, water, and nutrients will reach full size faster than those in less than ideal conditions.

Additionally, bell peppers should be given time to mature before harvesting; if harvested too early, the peppers won’t reach their full size.

Finally, the size of the pepper you are trying to grow affects the timelarge peppers may take longer than the typical 60-90 days.

To sum up, the time it takes for a bell pepper to reach its full size depends on the variety, the conditions it’s grown in, and the size you’re aiming for.

How Big Should Bell Peppers Grow?

Bell peppers are part of the nightshade family and closely related to tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplants.

They come in a variety of colors, including yellow, orange, red, and even purple.

Generally, bell peppers measure around 4 to 6 inches in length and 2.5 to 4 inches in diameter when mature.

However, the size of bell peppers can vary depending on the variety, growing conditions, and how long it stays on the plant.

In optimal conditions, bell peppers can reach a maximum size of 8 to 10 inches in length and 4 to 5 inches in diameter.

Once the desired size is reached, the bell pepper is ready for harvest.

How Tall And Wide Does A Bell Pepper Get?

Bell peppers come in a range of sizes and shapes, usually between 2-4 inches in diameter and 3-4 inches in length.

Typically, they are wider at the top and taper down towards the bottom.

The size does vary depending on the variety; for example, the California Wonder variety can reach 8 inches in length and 4 inches in diameter.

The size of bell peppers is also affected by when they are harvested.

Those picked when green will be smaller than those allowed to ripen, as they will continue to grow until they reach maturity.

Furthermore, the amount of water and fertilizer used when growing bell peppers can also affect the size.

If the soil is too dry or fertilizer is not balanced correctly, the peppers may not reach their full potential.

In conclusion, bell peppers are usually quite small, ranging from 2 to 4 inches in diameter and 3 to 4 inches in length.

However, some varieties can grow larger, and the amount of water and fertilizer used when growing them can also affect their size.

How Do I Know When To Pick My Peppers?

When it comes to picking your peppers, there are a few key factors to consider.

Different varieties have their own characteristics and preferences when it comes to harvesting time.

Generally, you should pick your peppers when they reach full size and color, which could be green, yellow, red, purple, or even black.

First, take note of the pepper’s size.

Most peppers should be picked when they are around 3-4 inches long.

Then, observe the pepper’s color.

Most peppers will start to change color to yellow, orange, or red when they are ripe.

For example, bell peppers tend to turn red when they are ready.

Lastly, check the texture of the pepper.

It should be firm but not hard.

If the pepper feels too soft or weak, it is past its prime.

In summary, it is important to pay attention to the size, color, and texture when determining when to pick the pepper.

Different varieties have different characteristics, but in general, they should be harvested when they reach full size and color, and have a firm but not hard texture.

Can You Pick A Bell Pepper Too Early?

Can you pick bell peppers too early? Yes, but it’s not recommended.

To ensure the pepper is as sweet and flavorful as possible, you should look for certain signs before harvesting.

The pepper should be at least four inches long and have started to turn yellow, orange, or red.

When ripe, it should be firm but slightly soft to the touch.

If it’s too hard or too soft, it may not be as desirable for consumption.

If you pick it too early, the pepper will still be edible but won’t have as much flavor or sweetness, and will be crunchy rather than juicy.

To get the best flavor, wait until the pepper is fully ripe before harvesting.

How Long Do You Leave Bell Peppers On The Plant?

When it comes to harvesting bell peppers, the exact time to do so depends on the variety and desired end results.

For instance, some varieties are best eaten while green, while others should be allowed to reach a full red color.

Generally, bell peppers should be harvested when they reach 3-4 inches in length and have a firm, bright color.

If left on the plant for too long, their flavor will suffer.

On the other hand, harvesting too soon will result in a reduced yield and a less intense flavor.

To ascertain the perfect time to harvest bell peppers, observe the plant closely and pick the peppers when they are ready.

Doing so will ensure that you get the highest yield, the most intense flavor, and the best overall experience.

Why Are My Bell Peppers So Small?

If your bell peppers are small, there could be a few explanations.

Poor soil fertility, incorrect temperature, insufficient water, and pests can all affect the size of your peppers.

Soil fertility is key to growing healthy peppers.

Ensure that your soil has sufficient amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

Additionally, the pH should be between 6.0 and 7.5.

Temperature also plays an important role.

Daytime temperatures should be between 65F and 75F, while nighttime temperatures should be between 55F and 70F.

The soil should remain consistently moist, but not overly saturated.

Too little water will result in small peppers, while too much can lead to root rot.

Finally, pests can also cause small peppers.

Aphids, caterpillars, and flea beetles are all common pests that can damage pepper plants.

Be sure to identify these pests early and use an appropriate insecticide to treat the infestation.

By taking the above factors into account, you can help ensure your bell peppers are of a healthy size.

Do Peppers Keep Growing After You Pick Them?


The answer to this question is a resounding “no.” Peppers will not keep growing after they are picked from the plant.

Picking the pepper interrupts the plant’s growth cycle, meaning the pepper cannot absorb any more nutrients from the soil and will not grow any larger.

If left on the plant, peppers can continue to mature, ripening and changing color.

For instance, a green pepper can turn to red or yellow as it matures and become sweeter as it ripens.

It is important to pick peppers at the right time, as picking them too early will result in an unripe pepper that is not as sweet or flavorful.

If left on the plant too long, the pepper can become overripe and possibly inedible.

In conclusion, peppers do not keep growing after they are picked from the plant.

Picking them at the right time is essential to ensure the best quality and flavor.

Final Thoughts

We hope you’ve enjoyed learning all about bell peppers and their potential size! Now that you know how big bell peppers can grow and what affects their size, you can use this knowledge to make sure your bell peppers reach their full potential.

Whether you’re planting in a garden or just buying bell peppers from the store, you’ll now be able to identify the biggest, freshest peppers available.

Thanks for reading!


James is a passionate vegetable expert who loves to share his expertise with others. He has studied vegetables for many years and is continually learning new things about them. He is knowledgeable about the different varieties of vegetables, their nutritional values, and how to cook them. He also knows a lot about gardening and growing vegetables.

Recent Posts